CAYLLOMA

Surface: 1499 km2
Inhabitants: 4 041

“CAYLLOMA” comes from the Aymara word “k’aylluma”, which means corner of the pampa (empty space), due to the fact that the town is located in the corner of a pampa. It could also come from the Quechua words Kay Uma which means: This is the head.
Caylloma is located at the altitude of 4 319 meters above sea level and is 70 kilometers from Callalli. It was a reduction bearing the name “San Francisco de Asís de Caylloma”. When, in 1626, the mines near the town began to be worked, Caylloma became an important place and an asiento real, where many indigenous people had to serve in the infamous mining forced labor.
The town of Caylloma was the Provincial Capital until 1932, when Chivay became the Capital.
The contemporary church is dedicated to San Francisco, and it was the “Indian’s Church”. Remains of the colonial building of the church of Santa Cruz can still be seen; this was the “Spaniard’s Church” that was destroyed by fire in 1777. There was also a church of San Juan de Dios, where a hospital functioned.
Caylloma is a rich mining center. The Caylloma mines are Ares, Shila, and Paula. Informal mining of gold also occurs. Beyond Caylloma are the mines of Arcata and Orcopampa, which pertain to the region of Castilla Alta.
The Liturgy of the Word or Holy Mass takes place on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays at 7 p.m. Sunday mass is at 7 p.m.
Work is done with groups of prayer and reflection that gather housewives, old people, youths, and children.
Visits are conducted periodically to the outlying hamlets, located far from the town, high in the mountains. Places are reached where a priest’s visit was previously unknown.
A Parochial Dining Hall provides for 20 needy old people, and there is a Parochial Library.
We have a Partnerschaft, a connection of friendship and help, with a Parish in Germany in the Diocese of Freiburg: BUCHHOLZ.
This Parish has prospered very well: it counts with several organized groups, with catechists that participate actively in the pastoral and social activities as promoters of a new evangelization. It is primarily the catechists who work in the anexos with great enthusiasm and good will. They constantly institute missions, visiting the cattle farms, the houses and the anexos in very harsh conditions (the cold, the altitude, and the enormous distances on foot…) Evangelization consists in reaching the people in order to share their lives and form the faith with which to live in. Their faith, in turn, helps them to cope with difficult conditions, such as bitter cold temperatures in the altitude, and endemic poverty.

CHURCH OF SAN FRANCISCO DE ASÍS
At present the tutelary church of Caylloma is that of San Francisco de Asís; but data and remains show that in the year 1631, the church of Santa Cruz was beginning to be built. However, due to earthquakes and fires, at present only one tower of that church is still standing.
The church of San Francisco, instead, was damaged by an earthquake in 1917, and was repaired in 1930. Today it holds in its interior paintings and objects pertaining to the baroque period. Continuous robberies have caused the loss of articles of cult, silver ornaments whose value is less commercial than cultural, artistic, and historical.

FIESTAS
September 8: Feast of the Virgen de la Natividad
October 4: Feast of San Francisco de Asís
October 7: Feast of the Virgen del Rosario
Formerly, also the feasts of San Antonio de Padua (June 13) and of the Virgen del Carmen (July 16) were celebrated.

TRANSPORTATION
Bus service from the city of Arequipa (7 to 8 hours)

 

 

 

 
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